Dr.Satish c- Surgical Oncologist in bangalore

Parathyroidectomy /Parathyroid Surgery

Parathyroidectomy or parathyroid surgery refers to the surgical procedure where the surgeon removes the parathyroid glands.


Parathyroidectomy /Parathyroid Surgery


Parathyroid glands are 4 in number, and they are located on either side of the trachea, close to the thyroid gland. These glands control the calcium levels in the body.

A parathyroidectomy is usually recommended in the cases of hypercalcemia (excess calcium in the blood), parathyroid adenomas (benign tumors), and parathyroid carcinomas (malignant tumors).

Parathyroidectomy can be performed through traditional surgery or minimally-invasive surgery. The biggest advantages of minimally-invasive surgery include reduced blood loss, faster recovery, and less scarring.

Parathyroidectomy /Parathyroid Surgery​

More about Parathyroidectomy /Parathyroid Surgery

How is Parathyroid Surgery Performed?

This procedure is broadly performed in two ways:

Four Gland Parathyroid Exploration: Usually, a parathyroidectomy is carried out while the patient is put on general anesthesia and is asleep. During this procedure, a small incision in the lower neck is made, and every parathyroid gland is inspected. Abnormally enlarged parathyroid glands are excised, and the wound is then sealed using sutures or a glue-like substance.

Minimally-invasive surgery: This more recent method allows the surgeons to access the parathyroid glands through the mouth. Since the outside of the neck is not cut during this procedure, there is no visible scar. This procedure can be used for certain patients only.

Frequently Asked Questions

During the procedure, general anesthesia will be administered, and therefore patients will not experience any pain. After the surgery, there will be some pain, and it can be managed with appropriate medications.

Parathyroid cancer is extremely rare. Those who have received radiation therapy for head and neck cancers in the past have to be careful and regularly attend their follow-up appointments as they have a higher risk of developing parathyroid cancers.

  • You’ll likely have problems speaking, and your voice may also get hoarse. However, this gets better within a few weeks, but it occasionally takes longer. In certain instances, this operation results in long-term difficulties speaking, chewing, or swallowing.

Depending on the number of glands removed, your calcium deficiency levels may vary. However, patients do experience calcium deficiency after this procedure and are always prescribed calcium supplements. For more information, please get in touch with your doctor.

Possible complications include bleeding, infections, persistent hypocalcemia, change in voice, sore throat, injury to nearby critical organs, etc.

Dr. Satish C is the best surgeon for parathyroid surgery in Bangalore.