September month is observed as thyroid cancer awareness month in order to bring awareness to society about cancer and spread the information that early detection and initiation of treatment have a higher survival rate and prognosis. Numerous awareness activities are organized by clinicians, hospitals, and organizations along with those individuals who survived thyroid cancer and leading a quality life.
Thyroid Cancer Surgeon in Bangalore, Dr. Satish C takes initiative towards this is to share information on multiple platforms about –
- Cancer is treatable & preventable
- Early detection and treatment have a better prognosis
- Preventive steps against Cancer
- Life after cancer treatment
Understanding of Thyroid Cancer:
The thyroid is an endocrine gland present at the base of the neck producing the vital hormone which regulates heart rate, blood pressure, body weight, and body temperature. Any mutation in thyroid cells leads to abnormal growth of cells and thyroid enlargement. These abnormal cells can spread to other organs or stay limited. Women seem to face a higher risk than men (3:1) after 50 years of age.
Sign & Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer:
- Lump-like appearance at the base of the neck
- Hoarseness in voice
- Difficulty in swallowing and breathing
- Throat pain
- Swollen lymph node in the neck region
- Persistent cough
Risk Factors of Thyroid Cancer:
- Family history of cancer
- Radiation exposure
- Obesity / increased BMI
- Low iodine intake
- Age: above 50 years in women and 60 years in men
Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer:
- Physical examination
- Blood tests to check thyroid function
- Ultrasound imaging
- Genetic testing
Treatment of Thyroid Cancer:
Depending upon the stage and part of the thyroid affected, oncologists plan the course of cancer treatment. Primarily, the cancerous part is removed through surgery. This removal surgery may be partial or whole gland. Sometimes, the affected lymph node surrounding the thyroid gland is also removed. Post-surgery, thyroid hormone therapy is followed-up for replacing the vital hormones needed for normal metabolism and health.
In some cases, Radioactive iodine treatment is also considered. Other treatments like radiotherapy, chemotherapy, target therapy, etc are also considered depending upon the stage of cancer and outcome of the surgery.
- Avoid unnecessary radiation exposure
- Routine thyroid examination/tests after 50 years of age (pre-screening tests) in case of family history of cancer
- Consulting specialist if any sign/symptoms persist
- Healthy eating habits and life style
For any queries consult Dr. Satish C, Thyroid Cancer Surgeon in Bangalore.